(Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266: “Het is die welke in allerhande kostelykheden bestaat, als goud, zilver, kristalle en andere glazen, paerlen, edelgesteentens en paerlemoer, gemeenlyk Vanitassen genaamd.” ([Another type of still-life painting], containing all kinds of precious items, such as gold, silver, crystal- and other glasses, pearls, precious stones and mother-of-pearl, commonly called Vanitassen.). Kalf was a student of Hendrik Pot, a painter of historical subjects, and probably also of the painter Cornelis Saftleven. The double ground consists of a red lower layer and an opaque beige upper layer. Porcelain made in China during the reign of Wan Li (1563–1620) was highly valued in the Netherlands. 95–97, and an undated painting in the Detroit Institute of Arts, his no. One carpet expert, Mr. Chester Ellis of Kingston, New York, has indicated that he believes it is an Indian carpet (conversation with Mr. Ellis, September 1980). Dutch, 1619 - 1693. [2]  [2]Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619–1693 (Berlin, 1974), 114–115, 258, no. two dimensional space. - [Voiceover] And Kalf is actually known for including Chinese ceramics in his still lifes. His choice of still lifes as subject matter dates to a stay in Paris (late 1630s–1646). Still Life with Glass Goblets and a Lemon Willem Kalf. The yellow pigment in the lemon had been analyzed previously by the NGA Scientific Research department using air-path X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and found to be lead-tin yellow (see reports dated October 12, 1983, and October 19, 2010, in NGA Conservation department files). Despite the lack of documentary evidence that he operated a workshop with assistants, the existence of multiple replicas by less adroit hands indicates that Kalf did employ assistants during his years in Amsterdam. [7]  [7]Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. But Willem Kalf showed that beauty alone could define art, without any need for a deeper meaning. Later in his life, Kalf became an art dealer and appraiser. The painting in this sale, however, was probably another composition, for it is described in the auction catalogue as having four pomegranates ("vier spanische Granatäpfel"). Still Life with Ewer, Vessels, and Pomegranate Willem Kalf (Dutch, 1619 - 1693) 104.5 × 80.6 cm (41 1/8 × 31 3/4 in.) The three still lifes in the Collection date from his Amsterdam period during which Kalf abandoned the use of large formats typical of his rich and complex Paris compositions and presented his compositions on a smaller scale and with fewer objects. This beautiful image was done during his Parisian period, 1644. KALF is a commercial radio station licensed to Red Bluff, California, and located in Chico, California, broadcasting to the Butte County area on 95.7 FM. See T. Volker, Porcelain and the Dutch East India Company, as Recorded in the Dagh-Registers of Batavia Castle, Those of Hirado and Deshima, and Other Contemporary Papers, 1602–1682 (Leiden, 1954), repro. Vanitas art was refined by dutch artists during the dutch golden age in the early 17th century. Read our full Open Access policy for images. See Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. Willem Kalf was born in Rotterdam, in 1619. His early The case concerned the evaluation of Italian paintings. Closed, Sculpture Garden Paintings (called in Dutch pronk, meaning fancy “display” still lifes) such as Still Life with a Nautilus Cup (c. 1660) and Still Life with a Silver Decanter and Fruit reveal the tastes of the wealthy Dutch in the mid-17th century. During that treatment the restoration highlights in the glassware were painted out and the original highlights were reconstructed using the X-radiographs as a guide. May 10 2011. Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Pitcher. zoom. Still Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar by Willem Kalf 1669. [1] (Cottier & Co., New York); sold 1889 to Mrs. Henry Osborne Havemeyer [née Louisine Waldron Elder, 1855-1929], New York; (sale, American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 10 April 1930, no. Updates? Still-Life, 1653 by Willem Kalf (1619-1693, Netherlands) | Museum Quality Copies Willem Kalf | WahooArt.com Посмотрите больше … Willem Kalf settled in Amsterdam in 1653 following his return from Paris in 1646 and a period in Rotterdam and Hoorn in 1651, having married in the latter city. Description. In Kalf’s Still Life with a Chinese bowl, a Nautilus Cup and Fruit (1662), the glistening effects of light, texture, and color foreground Kalf’s aspiration, like other painters of the era, to outcraft the craftsmen of the precious objects he depicts—such as the Persian carpet on the table, silver tray, and Chinese porcelain sugar bowl. For Dutch glass, see Ada Polak, “Glass in Dutch Painting,”. (artist) What makes it different from other still life paintings I have seen is the expensive nature of the objects and the strong directional lighting. In the seventeenth century, they were probably to be found only in the homes of the wealthy because of their high cost. His mature still-life works are of a type called 'Pronkstilleven' in Dutch, meaning 'ostentatious still life' and referring to the display of lavish man-made objects. Ornamental and rich, Willem Kalf's paintings were very sought after by the wealthy 17th century Dutch noblemen. His choice of still lifes as subject matter dates to a stay in Paris (late 1630s–1646). All… They were imported to the Netherlands from Persia and India by the Dutch East India Company. Overview Willem Kalf was one of the most celebrated, sought after, and successful still-life painters of the seventeenth century. Some of the other pigments in the painting were also analyzed at this time (see report, dated October 19, 2010, in NGA Conservation department files). His early works depict kitchen interiors with such elements as gourds and pots and pans strewn on the floor. See more ideas about Dutch still life, Still life painting, Still life. Omissions? Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. 1] before treatment, Willem Kalf, Still Life, c. 1660, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Chester Dale Collection, 1943.7.8. See Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. 20. The artist’s favorite Chinese porcelain fruit bowl, dating from the Wan-Li dynasty, is tipped at an angle to reveal the blue-on-white decorations that play off so well against the oranges, yellows, and reds of the fruit. Nevertheless, according to De Lairesse, Kalf did not include objects in his paintings to convey a specific meaning or moral. Vermeer, The Glass of Wine. And that’s something that needs to be remembered in the 21st century as well. Willem Kalf Dutch was a leading still life painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Willem Kalf did not paint the most common type of Asian objects circulating in the Dutch Republic, but generally chose rare examples that were already decades old. 54.PA.1 Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. Export from an artist page includes image if available, biography, notes, and bibliography. Kalf's Still life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar (1669) is an interesting still life portraying the prosperous Dutch merchant trading with Eastern Asia. Label: This painting closely follows those by the leading Antwerp master of the pronk (sumptuous) still life, Jan Davidsz. As is evident from examining the full extent of his oeuvre, Kalf’s style developed in quite distinct phases that parallel, to a certain extent, his periods of residence in Rotterdam, Paris, and Amsterdam. Kalf’s paintings were destined for an elite audience, one that not only took pride in the mercantile prosperity of the Dutch Republic but also had been instrumental in creating that wealth. How well De Lairesse and Kalf knew each other is not known, but to judge from De Lairesse’s laudatory comments about Kalf in his treatise on painting, one would assume that a friendship existed. Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. Discover (and save!) (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 268: “Hoewel wy hier voor gezegt hebben, dat de vermaarde Kalf in de Stillevens boven anderen heeft uitgemunt, heeft hy nochtans, zo min als zyne voorgangers en navolgers, reden van zyne verbeeldingen weeten te geeven, waarom hy dit of dat vertoonde: maar slechts het geen hem in den zin schoot (als een porcelyne pot of schaal, een goude bokaal, een fluit of roemer met wyn, en daar in een citroenschil hangende, een horologie, paerlemoere hoorn op een goude of zilvere voet, een zilvere schaal of bord met persikken, of wel opengesnedene chinaasappelen of citroenen, een tapyt, en diergelyke gewoonlyke dingen) verbeeld, zonder eens zyne gedachten te hebben laaten gaan om iets van belang voort te brengen daar een byzondere zin in stak, of’t geen ergens op toegepast kon worden.”  (Even though we just stated that the famous Kalf was the very best still-life painter, he nevertheless, just as his predecessors and followers never explained the reason for his compositions, why he depicted this or that; but only painted that which fancied him—such as a porcelain pot or bowl, a gold chalice, a flute or roemer with wine, in which dangled a lemon-peel, a pocket-watch, a horn of mother-of-pearls mounted on a gold- or silver base, a silver platter or plate with peaches, or perhaps sliced oranges or lemons, a tapestry, and similar common objects—without ever having considered whether to create something important that had a significant meaning, or that could refer to something.) See Claus Grimm, Stilleben: Die niederländischen und deutschen Meister (Stuttgart, 1988), 223, repro. In a document of 1672 Kalf appeared as a witness before a notary in Amsterdam along with a number of other artists, including Gerard de Lairesse (Dutch, 1641 - 1711). Read about this painting, learn the key facts and zoom in to discover more. It is a combination which is typical of what was known at the time as a ‘Pronkstilleven’ or ‘ostentatious still life’. Priceless objects crowd the corner of a stone table in Kalf's composition. Dec 6, 2019 - Explore Аrtem Mukhin's board "Willem Kalf", followed by 311 people on Pinterest. These early paintings are much different in character from his later, luxurious compositions featuring such expensive and extraordinary objects as goblets, pewter, Venetian glass, and Chinese porcelain atop a marble or tapestry-covered table. It is unclear if Kalf intended for this glass to be seen or if he had painted it out and it was subsequently uncovered by a particularly aggressive restoration at some point in the painting’s history. Closed, East Building Because this particular carpet is only partially visible, and because it is possible that the artist has taken some license in its design, its country of origin is difficult to determine. Translated by Henriette Rahusen. The wealthy inhabitants of Amsterdam found Kalf’s work irresistible. He had been born in … The artist, Willem Kalf, was its most famous and successful exponent. Viewed individually the objects have no logical relationship to one another, yet orchestrated as they are through Kalf’s unerring sense of composition, these and the other items he has depicted come together as a harmonious whole. Willem Kalf, one of the best-known Dutch painters of still-life compositions. your own Pins on Pinterest Pieter Claesz creates an amazing vanitas in 1628. Vanitas with Violin and Glass Ball by Pieter Claesz 1628. These were fabulously precious objects, and it's an important reminder when looking at still lifes that what we're looking at are real treasures. Conservation of the painting in 2010 revealed that a glass bird with spread wings surmounting the tall flute and extensive scalloping on the glass cup on the right, which were previously visible in the painting, were fanciful additions by an earlier restorer [fig. With their depiction of Oriental carpets, Venetian glass, Seville oranges, agate-handled knives, and above all Chinese porcelain, Kalf’s paintings evoke the far corners of the world. This style of still life originated in 17th century Holland during still life’s height of popularity. See Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619–1693 (Berlin, 1974), 193, doc. His mature still-life works are of a type called 'Pronkstilleven' in Dutch, meaning 'ostentatious still life' and referring to the display of lavish man-made objects. [2] Infrared reflectography was performed using a Santa Barbara Focalplane InSb camera fitted with H, J, and K filters. Vanitas with Violin and Glass Ball by Pieter Claesz 1628. Kalf was the leading still-life painter in Holland in the mid-17th century. Infrared reflectography at 1.1 to 2.5 microns[2] reveals evidence of a fourth glass. Willem Kalf was born in Rotterdam, in 1619. You may download complete editions of this catalog from the catalog’s home page. 1682). 1]   [fig. See T. Volker, In a document of 1672 Kalf appeared as a witness before a notary in Amsterdam along with a number of other artists, including. For a fuller discussion of carpets in Dutch art, see Onno Ydema, “Carpets in 17th-Century Dutch and Flemish Painting,” in The European Fine Art Fair (Maastricht, 1988), 15–28; and especially Onno Ydema, Carpets and Their Datings in Netherlandish Paintings, 1540–1700 (Zutphen, 1991). 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