The presence of the Chinese porcelain fruit bowl, tipped at an angle to reveal its decorated interior, is also characteristic of his Amsterdam period. The real craze for Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603. The bowl in this painting is known as a clapmuts in the Netherlands. His mature still-life works are of a type called 'Pronkstilleven' in Dutch, meaning 'ostentatious still life' and referring to the display of lavish man-made objects. Label: This painting closely follows those by the leading Antwerp master of the pronk (sumptuous) still life, Jan Davidsz. [8]  [8]Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. Lucius Grisebach, Willem Kalf, 1619–1693 (Berlin, 1974), 114–115, 258, no. Such carpets were, and still are, often used by the Dutch as covers for tables. The case concerned the evaluation of Italian paintings. With their depiction of Oriental carpets, Venetian glass, Seville oranges, agate-handled knives, and above all Chinese porcelain, Kalf’s paintings evoke the far corners of the world. Omissions? His early Conservation of the painting in 2010 revealed that a glass bird with spread wings surmounting the tall flute and extensive scalloping on the glass cup on the right, which were previously visible in the painting, were fanciful additions by an earlier restorer [fig. Black Friday 35% off on all your cart items, sitewide! Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. Learn more. Willem Kalf, one of the best-known Dutch painters of still-life compositions. Gerrit Dou, A Woman Playing a Clavichord. [7]  [7]Gérard de Lairesse, Groot schilderboek, 2 vols. In Paris he painted mainly small-scale rustic interiors and still life's. Still Life with Ewer, Vessels, and Pomegranate Willem Kalf (Dutch, 1619 - 1693) 104.5 × 80.6 cm (41 1/8 × 31 3/4 in.) Vanitas with Violin and Glass Ball by Pieter Claesz 1628. Still Life with a Chinese Porcelain Jar is a 1669 oil painting by Dutch artist Willem Kalf, located in the Indianapolis Museum of Art, which is in Indianapolis, Indiana. Willem Kalf (1619 – 31 July 1693) was a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes. Still Life with a Silver Jug and a Porcelain Bowl, Willem Kalf, 1655 - 1660 oil on canvas, h 73.8cm × w 65.2cm More details Willem Kalf did not paint the most common type of Asian objects circulating in the Dutch Republic, but generally chose rare examples that were already decades old. (Maastricht, 1988), 15–28; and especially Onno Ydema, Kalf, who seems to have abandoned painting as a profession to be an art dealer in about 1680, may well have collected Wan-Li porcelain, for he depicted many exquisite pieces in his paintings. As opposed to earlier Haarlem still-life painters, he seems to have had little interest in instilling moralizing messages into his works. Willem Kalf (1622-93) - Still-Life with a Nautilus Cup (1662) Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid. Note: Exhibition history, provenance, and bibliography are subject to change as new information becomes available. For Dutch glass, see Ada Polak, “Glass in Dutch Painting,” Connoisseur 193, no. Translated by Henriette Rahusen. As is evident from examining the full extent of his oeuvre, Kalf’s style developed in quite distinct phases that parallel, to a certain extent, his periods of residence in Rotterdam, Paris, and Amsterdam. Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Pitcher. Category: Uncategorized. Scattered small losses are found overall, with a larger loss in the center of the Seville orange. The Gallery's 'Still Life with Drinking-Horn' is an outstanding example. The bowl in this painting is known as a, These fanciful embellishments were painted out during the 2010 conservation treatment (see the Technical Summary). Kalf's Still life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar (1669) is an interesting still life portraying the prosperous Dutch merchant trading with Eastern Asia. 1 Comment. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 266: “Het is die welke in allerhande kostelykheden bestaat, als goud, zilver, kristalle en andere glazen, paerlen, edelgesteentens en paerlemoer, gemeenlyk Vanitassen genaamd.” ([Another type of still-life painting], containing all kinds of precious items, such as gold, silver, crystal- and other glasses, pearls, precious stones and mother-of-pearl, commonly called Vanitassen.). The real craze for Chinese porcelain occurred after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603. 6th St and Constitution Ave NW Willem Kalf was born in Rotterdam, in 1619. Most of it was brought by ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, which had been founded on March 20, 1602. Closed, Sculpture Garden WORLD'S BEST ART See: Greatest Paintings Ever. (Haarlem, 1740; reprint, Soest, 1969), 268: “Hoewel wy hier voor gezegt hebben, dat de vermaarde Kalf in de Stillevens boven anderen heeft uitgemunt, heeft hy nochtans, zo min als zyne voorgangers en navolgers, reden van zyne verbeeldingen weeten te geeven, waarom hy dit of dat vertoonde: maar slechts het geen hem in den zin schoot (als een porcelyne pot of schaal, een goude bokaal, een fluit of roemer met wyn, en daar in een citroenschil hangende, een horologie, paerlemoere hoorn op een goude of zilvere voet, een zilvere schaal of bord met persikken, of wel opengesnedene chinaasappelen of citroenen, een tapyt, en diergelyke gewoonlyke dingen) verbeeld, zonder eens zyne gedachten te hebben laaten gaan om iets van belang voort te brengen daar een byzondere zin in stak, of’t geen ergens op toegepast kon worden.”  (Even though we just stated that the famous Kalf was the very best still-life painter, he nevertheless, just as his predecessors and followers never explained the reason for his compositions, why he depicted this or that; but only painted that which fancied him—such as a porcelain pot or bowl, a gold chalice, a flute or roemer with wine, in which dangled a lemon-peel, a pocket-watch, a horn of mother-of-pearls mounted on a gold- or silver base, a silver platter or plate with peaches, or perhaps sliced oranges or lemons, a tapestry, and similar common objects—without ever having considered whether to create something important that had a significant meaning, or that could refer to something.) There is also evidence of damage to some of the glassware, namely the center glass, and the glass on the proper left side. [6]  [6]In a document of 1672 Kalf appeared as a witness before a notary in Amsterdam along with a number of other artists, including Gerard de Lairesse (Dutch, 1641 - 1711). You may download complete editions of this catalog from the catalog’s home page. 1682). Paint handling varies according to the surface texture being rendered, from thin opaque layers to richly textured pastes, with glazes confined to carpet details and the dark background. Placing these exotic objects against dark, contrasting backgrounds allowed Kalf to illuminate their forms with accents of light. Willem Kalf (1622-93) - Still-Life with a Nautilus Cup (1662) Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid. May 10 2011. Back To List. [1] The painting conservation department used cross-sections to analyze the ground when the painting was treated in 2010 (see report dated July 2010 in NGA Conservation department files). [1] Both thin layers are brush applied and leave the weave pattern prominent. Pieter Claesz creates an amazing vanitas in 1628. 776 (October 1976): 121. Kalf achieved fame with his still lifes featuring luxury objects, which on the one hand represent the economic flourishing of Holland and the country`s busy trade with Asia, Africa and America, on the other hand it was an opportunity for the painter to show his technical ability. Willem Kalf (1619 – 31 July 1693) was a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes. Willem Kalf. 54.PA.1 Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. ‘Still-Life with Glass Goblet and Fruit’ was created in 1655 by Willem Kalf in Baroque style. The double ground consists of a red lower layer and an opaque beige upper layer. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. These early paintings are much different in character from his later, luxurious compositions featuring such expensive and extraordinary objects as goblets, pewter, Venetian glass, and Chinese porcelain atop a marble or tapestry-covered table. For a fuller discussion of carpets in Dutch art, see Onno Ydema, “Carpets in 17th. A craze for Chinese porcelain had developed in the Netherlands after the capture of Portuguese ships carrying a large cargo of Wan-Li porcelain in March 1603 and continued throughout the century. Mar 26, 2015 - Explore Christine Quach's board "Artist - Willem kalf", followed by 719 people on Pinterest. His early works depict kitchen interiors with such elements as gourds and pots and pans strewn on the floor. 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